Privilege and Responsibility

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /var/www/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /var/www/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc on line 36.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /var/www/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /var/www/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_user::init() should be compatible with views_handler_field::init(&$view, $options) in /var/www/sites/all/modules/views/modules/user/views_handler_field_user.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /var/www/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 0.

There is no place in a living Earth economy for purely private purpose corporations devoted solely to the interests of their managers and shareholders. Citizens have every right to hold all corporate bodies accountable to larger public interests.



Every business enterprise, irrespective of legal form, should be expected to honor the same standards of responsibility and morality as any private individual. Businesses that enjoy the special privileges conveyed by a public charter are properly held to a higher, not a lower, standard. Because a corporate charter is a grant of privilege, not a personal entitlement, there is no legitimate reason for a government to issue such a grant except to serve a public purpose. Every corporate charter should clearly state its defining public purpose and fulfillment of that purpose should be subject to periodic review on threat of dissolution. 



Because all corporations are created by public action, all properly function as quasi public bodies accountable to the communities in which they operate and the wealth they produce is properly considered the joint product of all its resource providers, including employees, future generations, government, customers, communities, and suppliers. All have a proper and rightful interest in sharing in the benefits. All living persons properly enjoy certain basic human political and economic rights. A corporation's workers, managers, and investors all properly enjoy such rights. The corporation itself, however, does not. As a public creation, its role is to honor the rules established by democratically elected governing bodies, not to determine the composition of those bodies or their decisions. This distinction is essential to navigating the transition from a democracy of money to a democracy of persons.  



This said, regulation is at best a limited instrument for achieving corporate compliance with acceptable social and environmental standards. Private benefit corporations are notorious for their ability to circumvent rules they find costly or inconvenient. Ultimately, the goal should be to build a commitment to high social and environmental standards into the structure of the enterprise itself. [See Living Enterprises]